Influence of Philosophy

Philosophy's influence on psychology has been found to date back to the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece, China and India (Wikipedia, 2008). Since that point, philosophy has influenced psychology in different ways than the past. In ancient times, philosophy was regarded as a sole way to ask "why," without really having fact, while in the 1879, Wilhelm Wundt divided psychology and philosophy to put philosophy's logic into a scientific basis (Wikipedia, 2008).

After the ancient civilization's use of a pre-evolved form of philosophy, different times existed regarding philosophy and it's whole influence on psychology itself. During the medieval era, God and reason were brought into philosophy, recreating Greek ideals, and the Renassaince was almost a step backwards, introducing magic as a means to explain away certain interactions between humans and the world (Wikipedia, 2008).

For the first time, the relation between the mind and its relation to the body was introduced. A revival of skepticism, basically the impossibility of confirming any truth, and a rise of modern physical science emerged during the modern era (Wikipedia, 2008).

The exploration of consciousness also began in modern times due to Rene Descartes and Thomas Hobbes, who created a psychological profile on seventeenth-century Englishmen (Heath, 2003). Their work eventually led to the conception of materialism, the stance that only matter itself can exist (Heath, 2003).

In most recent history, the contemporary period, much of philosophy's relation to psychology concerns explaining theories of natural sciences and ideas of humanity or common sense (Wikipedia, 2008). Analytic philosophy, since 1960, has attempted to integrate philosophical work with scientific results in psychology and cognitive science, in theory making fact out of elderly beliefs and thought processes (Wikipedia, 2008).

1. Heath, Ian (2003). Philosophy and Psychology. Retrieved November 6, 2008, from
http://www.modern-thinker.co.uk/1a%20-%20Phil20and%20Psy.htm
2. Wikipedia (2008). Philosophy. Retrieved November 6, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophy
2. Wikipedia (2008). Psychology. Retrieved November 6, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychology