Morphine
  • Most widely used analgesic
  • Opiod – Called so because it was isolated from opium by Friedrich Serturner in 1805. It did not become widespread until fifty years later when the hypodermic needle and syringe were developed.
  • One of the most effective drugs known for the relief of severe pain. It is a narcotic that’s use has increased significantly in the United States.
  • Illicit Morphine is often produced from codeine found in over the counter cough and pain meds.
    • M/ Big M/ Vitamin M
    • Miss Emma/ Aunt Emma
    • Mojo
    • Hocus
    • Happy Powder/ Joy Powder
    • Dope
    • Glad Stuff
    • Goody
    • God’s Medicine
    • Hard Stuff
    • Mud
    • Sister
    • White Stuff
  • Marketed under generic name products:
    • MSContin
    • Oramorph SR
    • MSIR
    • Roxanol
    • Kadian
    • RMS
  • It is used as a supplement to anesthesia. Early on, morphine was only used by injection. Today, morphine is used in multiple forms. Some forms are oral solutions, tablets/capsules, suppositories, and injectable solutions.
  • Taking morphine can make a person dizzy, lightheaded, constipated, mentally changed, itchy or drowsy.
  • People taking morphine may become addicted to the drug, possibly experiencing withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking them.

New information

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What is Morphine?

Morphine is a white, bitter, crystalline alkaloid, C1 7H1 9NO3·H2O, the most important narcotic and addictive principle of opium, obtained by extraction and crystallization and used chiefly in medicine as a pain reliever and sedative.


How Does It work?

It works by dulling the pain perception center in the brain.

What Forms Does it come in?

  • oral solutions (Roxanol)
  • sustained-release tablets (MSIR and MS-Contin)
  • suppositories
  • injectable preparations

How does it get into the body?

  • orally
  • subcutaneously
  • intramuscularly
  • intravenously

What are some side effects?


    • respiratory depression
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • cough suppression
    • sedation
    • dependence which may lead to addiction