Experimental Studies



Experimentation

In order to put a main reason behind why we do the things we do, we have to experiment because there is no real way to answer these questions. We can assume the answers by using different research methods where we can change the things that influence certain behaviors; these research methods are called experiments.


Cause and Effect

Experiments can be very useful to help when it comes to identifying the cause and effect of behaviors. By manipulating one of the variables of the experiment, you can observe what happens to the other, and therefore make predictions about behavior based on what you observed. If the variable you changed caused the result to change, then you can assume that the variable is an effect on the experiment. This explains the theory behind cause and effect. For example; the road was really icy when there was a huge accident. The icy road would be the main cause of the effect which would be the series of car accidents.


Different Sceneraios and Therapies

There are many different therapies to use when experimenting. Most of the time the scenario you are in can determine which type of therapy would be most successful. The Double Blind Procedure, which is most used to measure the ability of belief, is when both the researchers and the subject are unaware of the experiment or results. Another type of therapy is The Placebo effect which is when the results of an experiment are fully based on expectations by using an active agent. This therapy is commonly used to diagnose patients in hospitals.

In some of these therapies, there are different conditions. Like for example, in The Double Blind Procedure, there are two different types of conditions, Experimental and control. The Experimental Condition is the condition of an experiment that exposes the participant to the treatment. While the Control Condition is the condition that contrasts with the experimental condition and is also used as a factor to test the effect of the treatment.

Variables Involved

While conducting experiments, there are two main types of variables, Independent and Dependent. The Independent Variable is the variable of the experiment that is changed and the effect of this factor is also the one up for study. The Dependent Variable is the factor that is often considered the outcome factor. This factor depends, as it says in the name, this factor depends on the Independent Variable.



Myers, D. G. (2007).Psychology: Eight edition. New York, NY: Worth Publishers.

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